The alarming level of pollution increase during the current time, in every sphere of life’s sustainable development, is a major challenge to our environment. Rising demands and sumptuousness lifestyle of individuals has sever implications of environmental degradation. Our agricultural practices are also pollution stricken. The modern farming methodology includes the excessive use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides etc. to improve crop yield which in turn degrade the soil life and quality of product produce.
Organic farming is an efficient and promising approach to sustainable agriculture since it provides yield stability, improved soil health, no environmental concerns, organic food and reduced use of synthesized eco-friendly fertilizers.
Organic farming is a method of producing crop and livestock that does not involve use pesticides, antibiotics, growth hormones, fertilizers, and genetically modified organisms.
ADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING-
- Organic farming uses carbon-based fertilizers and biological pest control and do not use synthetic fertilizers.
- Organic Farming also controls other microorganisms in soil with the help of various methods such as biological pest control and integrated pest management.
- Organic agriculture improves the health of people, soil and ecosystem.
- Organic agriculture reduces the use of non-renewable energy sources by using organic fertilizers and which in turn reduce the use of consumption of agrochemicals-based fertilizers.
- Organic farming also helps to control the greenhouse effect.
- Organic stop global warming, climate change and keeps the environment clean.
- Using synthetic fertilizers and pesticides groundwater is polluted, but in organic farming, these are replaced with organic fertilizers hence it helps to prevent water pollution.
- By using organic farming techniques ecological services such as Soil forming and conditioning, waste recycling, nutrient cycling, stabilization of soil, carbon sequestration, predation, pollination and habituates are improved.
- Organic food is rich in nutritional value.
- Organic food is free from harmful fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides.
- Organic farming improves the quality of food and organic agriculture are climate and ecologically friendly.
Organic farming in Surwahi Social Kanha –
We believe in the neutrality of the things and the entire premise of SSK is marked by the presence of in-house farming areas where the use of chemical fertilisers is not allowed or undertaken. Therefore, the premise of Surwahi Social is used for the organic farming.
Here we have –
Kodo millet – The scientific name of Kodo millet is Paspalum scrobiculatum. Kodo millet is a nutritious grain, and a good rice or wheat substitute. The grain is made up of 11 per cent protein, providing consumption of 9 g/100 g. In contrast to rice, which provides 0.2 g/100 g, it is an excellent source of fibre at 10 grams (37-38 per cent) and wheat, which provides 1.2 g/100 g. The purpose behind this farming was it’s required low maintains and low water so by this type of farming we can reduce the use of water. 1kg of Kodo millet required 800 litter water but if we compare it with other like 1kg rice required 3500 litter of water and 1 kg wheat takes 2700 litres of water which is too high in comparison to Kodo millet. this is the first farming on the land on SSK before this it was the forest land so never been farmed on this land before.
Watermelon – The scientific name of watermelon is Citrullus lanatus. Watermelon fruit contains 91% water, 6% sugars, and is low in fat. After got Succesful in Kodo millet we try horticulture so that we farmed watermelon on a small land.
Potato – The scientific name of the potato is solanum tuberosum. A raw potato contains 79% water, 2% protein, 17% carbohydrates (88% starch) and insignificant fat. Raw potato provides 322 kilojoules (77 kilocalories) of energy in an amount measuring 100 grams (3.5 oz) and is a rich source of vitamin B6 and vitamin C (23 per cent and 24 per cent of the daily value, respectively), with no other vitamins or minerals in significant quantities.
Onion – The onion is also known as the bulb onion or common onion; Onions contain low quantities of essential nutrients and have an energy value of 166 kJ (40 Calories) in the amount of 100 g (3.5 oz). Oignons add savoury flavour to the dishes without significant caloric content.
Jackfruit – The jackfruit also known as jack tree is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family. Jackfruit is contained, 23% carbohydrates, 74% water, 2% protein, and 1% fat.